# choreutics

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notes from laban's book: choreutics, rudolf laban. annotated and edited by lisa ullmann (2011)

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> systematic survey of the grammatical elements of space-movement

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laban's lifework consisted in developing frameworks for analyzing, notating and creating (human) movement.

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# directions

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there are 26 directions in the kinesphere that radiate from its center (a 27th point of direction).

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they establish three planes at different levels.

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the directions come from combining these 3 levels with the 9 possible point directions in each level.

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## levels

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* deep

* medium

* high

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## point directions

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* left

* right

* forward

* backward

* left forward

* left backward

* right forward

* right backward

* center

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# spatial crosses

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## three-dimensional cross

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formed by the six principal directions:

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* high center

* deep center

* medium forward

* medium backward

* medium right

* medium left

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## four-diagonal cross

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formed by the eight diagonal directions:

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* high left forward

* high right forward

* high left backward

* high right backward

* deep left forward

* deep right forward

* deep left backward

* deep right backward

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## six-diametral cross

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formed by the twelve deflected directions (?)

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# dynamosphere / effort

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basic training:

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* light movements into upward directions

* strong movements into downward directions

* straight movements into sideways (crossed) directions

* roundabout movements into sideways (open) directions

* quick movements into backward directions

* slow movements into forward directions

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combining these we get the "eight fundamental dynamic actions", that correspond in the dynamosphere to the eight diagonal directions of the kinesphere (see four-diagonal cross above).

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they can be indicated by using the directional signs of the kinesphere and adding the letter "S".

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## the eight fundamental dynamic actions

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aka the eight efforts:

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when using a right limb:

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* pressing/pushing: slow, strong, straight (forward deep left)

* wringing/pulling: slow, strong, roundabout (forward deep right)

* gliding: slow, light, straight (forward high left)

* floating: slow, light, roundabout (forward high right)

* punching: quick, strong, straight (backward deep left)

* slashing: quick, strong, roundabout (backward deep right)

* dabbing: quick, light, straight (backward high left)

* flicking: quick, light, roundabout (backward, high, right)

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### octal encoding

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possible encoding in {octal}:

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+ <table>

+ <tr><th>name</th><th>dynamics</th><th>binary</th><th>oct</th></tr>

+ <tr><td>pressing</td><td>slow, strong, straight</td><td>000</td><td>0</td></tr>

+ <tr><td>wringing</td><td>slow, strong, roundabout</td><td>001</td><td>1</td></tr>

+ <tr><td>gliding</td><td>slow, light, straight</td><td>010</td><td>2</td></tr>

+ <tr><td>floating</td><td>slow, light, roundabout</td><td>011</td><td>3</td></tr>

+ <tr><td>punching</td><td>quick, strong, straight</td><td>100</td><td>4</td></tr>

+ <tr><td>slashing</td><td>quick, strong, roundabout</td><td>101</td><td>5</td></tr>

+ <tr><td>dabbing</td><td>quick, light, straight</td><td>110</td><td>6</td></tr>

+ <tr><td>flicking</td><td>quick, light, roundabout</td><td>111</td><td>7</td></tr>

+ </table>

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& * pressing/pushing: slow, strong, straight (binary: 000, octal: 0)

& * wringing/pulling: slow, strong, roundabout (binary: 001, octal 1)

& * gliding: slow, light, straight (binary: 010, octal 2)

& * floating: slow, light, roundabout (binary: 011, octal 3)

& * punching: quick, strong, straight (binary: 100, octal 4)

& * slashing: quick, strong, roundabout (binary: 101, octal 5)

& * dabbing: quick, light, straight (binary: 110, octal 6)

& * flicking: quick, light, roundabout (binary: 111, octal 7)

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# TODO

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* add tables

* add labanotation symbols